Water Pollution Problems In Cuba


cuba environmental issues

Much of what is known about Cuba comes from the fact that the island has a long history that dates back to the Spaniards. What we know about Cuba today was shaped by many historic events and Cuba is still working to put those events into place.

Know About

A close up of a person

Cuban Coffee Growers enjoy an excellent crop that is high in caffeine and low in acidity. Cuba coffee accounts for most of the coffee sold all over the world. It is grown on plots in the mountains and by specially marked carts called guerras. Coffee is a drink that is popular around the world, and it is very good quality. It is also used as a currency.

Cuba relies heavily on its arable land. The island is known for having some of the best arable land in the Western Hemisphere. The vast majority of this land is used for farming, though rainforest areas may be designated for conservation or for endangered species of animals. As a result, the water levels in the soil are often low enough to support some rainforest restoration projects, but there is still pollution in these areas due to agricultural runoff and the need to keep the soil moist enough for farming.

Presence Of Toxic Waste And Industrial Waste

A large brown dog lying on the ground

One of the biggest environmental concerns of Cuba is the presence of toxic waste and industrial waste in the island. Many of the sites have been inspected by the Environmental Protection Agency, but the results have been less than satisfactory. The lack of resources makes Cuba dependent on international aid and what little they have been able to acquire has been slowly siphoned away through the U.S. There have been worries that the lack of water in the rivers and seas may lead to the extinction of some of Cuba’s marine life. The problems Cuba faces with water pollution is a big concern for the surrounding countries, and many tourists are avoiding visiting the island at least during the current water shortages.

Another major water pollution problem facing the island is the coral reefs found around the shores of the Caribbean Sea. Cuba relies on sugar cane for its tourism, and when that source of income dries up, it will be very difficult for Cuba to continue with its beautiful marine life. Some of the coral reefs have already died, and now the waters are polluted with organic waste, saltwater and human waste. Tourism is one of the Castro’s top priorities, so the government is doing all it can to protect the reefs and beaches.

Other Water Pollution Problems

There are many other water pollution problems facing Cuba, including the presence of an enormous number of fish farms. There are over 500 fish farms located on the island, and Cuba relies on those for their seafood. Many of these fish are caught legally and then sent to restaurants around the world. However, fishing bycatch is a major problem in Cuba, and many of the fish caught do not survive the trip to the restaurant. The regulations surrounding the rearing of fish are not strict, and factories can keep releasing dangerous chemicals into the water.

Final Words

These are only a few water pollution problems facing Cuba right now, but they are all issues that are long term. The best way to solve them is to rely on alternative forms of energy. Cuba is still developing more solar energy, and they hope to produce enough to run most of their cities by 2040. By making changes at the municipal level, Cuba hopes to take care of its growing water pollution problem, but time is running out.

Subscribe to our monthly Newsletter
Subscribe to our monthly Newsletter