Environmental health issues comprehensively encompass the physical environment, the human body and the social environment that and to which children are subjected. Children are particularly vulnerable to environmental health issues as, starting at birth and continuing throughout adolescence, they’re physiologically quite different from adults. They lack many of the essential minerals and nutrients, which are abundantly available in foods, and their bodies are not prepared to cope with these nutritional requirements. A poor diet can result in severe deficiencies in many of the essential nutrients, which are crucial for proper brain and body development. Children who suffer from nutritional deficiencies can suffer both emotionally and physically, and can have serious health consequences, both short-lived and long-lasting. A good diet must be a significant contributor to overall child well-being and therefore environmental health strategies must be adopted for optimal child health.
Causes Of Environmental Health Issues
The causes of environmental health issues are many but the solutions are also many. A major contributing factor is the proliferation of industrial and domestic chemical contaminants in the environment. These chemicals act like toxins in the human body. When toxic substances are present in the body, the immune system is weakened. In the long-term, the weakening of the immune system can lead to a variety of health problems, including chronic illness and disease.
A major contributor to environmental health issues is the air quality that exists in cities and towns. Many people live in areas with poor air quality. In fact, there are several groups that define the definition of poor air quality. The group considers any area where breathing is difficult, polluted or if particles of toxic substances are present in the air to be polluted. For this reason, industrial emissions, fuel burning stoves, tobacco smoke, drug use and other sources of environmental pollution are among the most common environmental hazards faced by urban dwellers.
Poor Air Quality
Poor air quality not only affects the global population but also directly affects those living in cities. Studies show that exposure to poor air quality leads to a number of health concerns including allergies, asthma, sinusitis, headache, diarrhea and respiratory infections. As a result of these environmental health issues, environmental health professionals have developed numerous public health interventions aimed at improving the air quality in cities and towns. Public health experts have been able to significantly reduce morbidity and mortality due to diseases associated with poor air quality.
Emissions from the various industries such as mining, vehicle exhausts, agricultural and construction activities contribute to the environmental health issues faced by the global community. In some parts of the world, people are required to wear masks while in others, they face serious health hazards from the toxic fumes released during these activities. A significant proportion of the world’s population lives in areas with poor air quality. The best solution for improving the air quality in these areas is installing clean air generators. These air purifying devices run on renewable energy sources such as wind and sun and do not emit ozone or toxic substances into the atmosphere. This helps to maintain a healthy environment for everyone.