After the UK joined the ECU Union in 1973, the independent country of the latest New Zealand began strengthening economic ties with its Pacific neighbors. Today, the country, with only 4.6 million people, features a thriving export sector that ships out mostly agricultural products like wool, beef, cheese, and mutton. Its people enjoy a high environmental quality of life.
With much of its economy-supported agriculture, New Zealand must deal with the toll farming takes on its natural environment. Both Maori and British settlers were liable for large tracts of land being deforested or drained of water. Being such a beautiful country, they should look into the issue seriously.
Intensive dairy production has increased the nitrogen levels in surface water, groundwater, and soil. One of the most important environmental issues here is soil degradation. The loss of trees has caused much of the countryside insufficiently protected against high-intensity rainfall that quickly wipes out fertile soil. New Zealanders also are particularly concerned about soil health: excess acidification, loss of important organic matter, and therefore the population declines of earthworms and other soil-friendly organisms.
While it faces pollution, primarily from cars, half of New Zealand’s greenhouse emissions come from agriculture. The agriculture sector also causes significant fertilizer and pesticide run-off, which may be found in streams and rivers. Critics say the country also lacks water allocation and usage strategies; water isn’t always getting to where it creates the foremost value. Freshwater pollution and scarcity thus augment the challenges.
Despite the number of biodiversity havens across New Zealand, the country still faces significant species decline. Wildlife reserves are getting increasingly fragmented, and ecosystems are regularly faced with the threat of voracious pests like the short-tailed weasel and therefore the lichen referred to as an older man’s beard.
Clean Technology In New Zealand
New Zealand has lagged behind the remainder of the planet when it involves clean technology. A 2014 report from the planet Wildlife Fund ranked New Zealand as a middling country among 40 of the world’s developed nations when it involves clean technology. Without significant domestic sources of funding, entrepreneurial New Zealanders in many sectors have struggled to urge their innovations to plug.
A Clean Future
As a comparatively isolated and agriculture-based society, New Zealand doesn’t have many factors pushing it toward the adoption of unpolluted policies and technology, unlike China or other heavily-industrialized nations. However, New Zealand is socially and politically at the forefront of international climate issues, as illustrated by its adoption of a progressive carbon-trading scheme. The country is additionally making signs it wants to spice up its start-up ecosystem – particularly when it involves clean technology.
Additionally to New Zealand’s role as a singular biodiversity hotspot, farming presents its own ecological challenges. However, it’s emerging as a worldwide leader in recovering species and fighting pests. The government aims to eradicate all possums, rats, and stoats by 2050. This helps within the population status of the indigenous species. New Zealand is a great country to be in and they are doing all they can to fight environmental issues.