Geographic Location Indoor Air Quality and Exposures to Athletic Events

environmental conditions

Environment refers to a condition where an object exists in space. It generally refers to the physical, chemical, social, and other environmental conditions that affect the survival, reproduction, growth, development, speed, adaptation, mobility, growth, and death of an organism. Environment also refers to the sum of all the changes that take place within an environment over time. It may encompass any one of these changes: the maintenance of a condition, the maintenance of particular properties, or the introduction of new conditions.

An Overview

Indoor Air

The primary function of environmental conditions is to provide a favorable environment for the persistence of diverse forms of life. In nature, environmental conditions are normally stable and unchanging. However, as stated above, organisms respond to specific alterations in their environment. When these alterations occur, the organisms’ physical and chemical composition is altered, sometimes significantly. This can result in, among other things, alterations in the organisms’ growth and reproduction, their ability to survive, their behavioral mechanisms, the distribution of species, their physiology, their life span, their interactions with other organisms, their interactions with external stimuli, their interaction with the environment, their interaction with internal factors such as temperature, light, and gravity, their ecology, their ability to resist or to adapt, and their ability to develop.

There are a variety of environmental conditions. The most familiar are extreme temperatures, rainfall, drought, cloud cover, ultraviolet light, snow, and wind. Although nearly all organisms have a certain degree of resistance to some of these environmental conditions, in certain environments they may be completely unable to tolerate them. Extreme conditions tend to create disastrous biological and chemical changes, disrupting the delicate balance necessary for the existence of complex life.

Environmental Conditions And Climate Change

Indoor Air

Climate change has become a major issue recently because of increasing global temperatures. Evidence of this has been documented in the loss of ski resorts around the world, increased hurricane activity, and the drying out of crops in areas already affected by drought. Changing environmental conditions alter the delicate chemical balances necessary for the existence of many types of life. A study published in Science Advances estimated that sea level rise could threaten to endanger coral reefs and increase the risk of heat-tolerant fish to extinction. Although climate change makes expected changes in weather more likely, researchers do not believe it will cause severe changes in the athlete or aquatic life.

Changes in geographic location can make the existence of certain environmental conditions even worse. Because athletes are so sensitive to temperature, humidity, and physical stress, changing environmental conditions can increase their vulnerability to health disparities. For example, athletes living in warmer regions are at greater risk of developing Type 2 diabetes, a disease associated with geographic location.

An important environmental condition affecting athletes is exposure to hazardous substances. PCE or personal protective equipment, such as mouth guards or helmets, can increase the risks of head trauma and injury. A study published in the Journal of Applied Toxicology found that workers who used face masks containing an agent that causes skin irritation and allergy symptoms when they engaged in a contact sport had a threefold greater probability of being exposed to pce.

In The End

In conclusion, there is an increasing body of evidence linking many environmental factors with athlete and casual sport related health risks. Researchers are currently examining the relationship between geographic location and various outdoor recreational pursuits, such as mountain biking, kayaking, hiking, snowboarding and running. Researchers are also examining the relationship between geographic location and indoor air quality, as both have been linked to adverse health outcomes among some groups of people.

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