In this article, we will discuss about behavioural ecology and the factors that influence behavior. So, let’s start with a small introduction about behavioural ecology.
Behavioural Ecology deals with behavioural connections that take place between every single organism of populations and communities. Behavioural ecology studies about animals adaptation and the pressures that are involved in this adaptation in different ecological scenarios.
Behavior is the most important factor in animal life. It depicts the connection that exists between different organisms, the environment, and the ecosystem. It also plays a crucial role in biological adaptations and helps the organisms to interact with the environment.
Know The Importance Of Behavioural Ecology
As already mentioned, behavior is one of the most essential factors of animal life. Its role is critical in biological adaptations of animals. A few research has been carried out on behavioral ecology from time to time. However, the relationship between behavior and environment has a lot to do with the problems that occur in human society. Most of the animal behavior give us a hint or warning about an arising environmental issue.
Changes in sexual behavior happen at a much earlier stage as compared to the changes in the population. Thus, waiting to count the animal populations and then take steps to save the environment will be too late. Evaluating natural behavior helps in analyzing and further monitoring the environmental condition. Thus, both the environment and the connections between other individuals affect behavioral evolution.
There are different factors that influence behaviors. Some say they are influenced by genes and some by the experiences that the environment gives. However, this is an ongoing debate that has not come to any conclusion. But actually, both factors influence the behavior of animals.
It is important to note that the physiology and anatomy of animals merge with their behavior. External factors like a threat or sense of danger, smell, and internal factors like hunger can influence behaviors.There is a need to understand how genes and the environment unites to influence animal behavior. The field of behavioural ecology is indeed a broad one. It begins from studying the feeding way to mating habits. Animals learn to adjust themselves to the changes that occur in the environment.
How Do Behaviors Change With Time?
It is the evolution that allows the genes and environment to merge together and help the animals to survive and face the challenges of the world. Animals, in the course of time, learn to mold themselves with the changing conditions and environment. It is the innate responses that give animals the chance to gain a positive effect from generations of natural selection.
Thus, we can conclude that behavioural ecology is the study of animal behavior based on the evolution. We have also learned how both environment and genes come together to influence the animal behavior.