The term acid rain suggests, the mixture of rain with acid. Various poisonous substances in the air make the rain acidic. Air pollution is the main cause of acid rain. There are severe harmful acid rain effects. Nitrogen oxide and sulphur dioxide are released by the smoke of a car and the burning of fuel. These gases react with water, oxygen and tiny droplets of water in the cloud to form sulphuric and nitric acid, the rain that falls from this cloud is called acid rain
Here Are 6 Damaging Acid Rain Effects
1. Harmful Effect On Aquatic Life: Acid Rain Effects
The effects on aquatic animals and plants are severely damaging. Acid rain endangers the life of whales and fish. Therefore falling of acid on water streams makes it acidic by changing their PH balance. As a result, it damages aquatic life.
2. Damaging Effect On Forest And Vegetation Cover
Acid rain destroys the leaves and barks of the tree which are located on a high altitude. Acidic fogs and clouds cover the tree. Therefore water on these fogs is acidic which largely damages trees and vegetation cover.
3 Corrosive Effect On Buildings And Architecture
Acid rain is responsible for weathering and corrosion of marbles and stones in buildings. Acid rain causes the paints in buildings to peel off. Steel bridges, automobiles, airplanes, pipes react in the same way with the acid in the rain. As a result, acid rain corrodes the calcium compound in limestone and marble.
4 Acid Rain Effects On Soil : Acid Rain Effects
The acid rainwater goes deep into the soil,instantly, the PH level of soil increases. The high level of PH is harmful to the microorganisms in the soil . Acid rain has Hydrogen ions that take away essential nutrients of soil like calcium and magnesium. As a result, it impacts the soil.
5 The Depletion Of Ozone Layer
The ozone layer protects us from the harmful ultraviolet rays of the sun. It can cause serious health and environmental issues if it reaches the earth’s atmosphere. Ozone layer depletion causes global warming. The emission of chemicals like chlorofluorocarbons react with ultraviolet rays and release free chlorine atoms. This depletes the ozone layer. Acid rain has an indirect link with the ozone layer. As a result, it impacts the environment.
6 Effect On Human Health
The effects of acid rain on human beings are numerous. The harmful gases like Sulphur dioxide and Nitrogen oxide and their derivatives like sulfates and nitrates in the atmosphere can cause blindness in human beings. Acid rain is the cause of serious health problems like bronchitis and asthma. As a result, it causes health issues.